Human PRNP / CD230 / Prion ELISA Kit

(No reviews yet) Write a Review
SKU:
HUFI02112
€599

Description

ELISA Kit Technical ManualELISA Kit Technical ManualMSDS

Human PRNP / CD230 / Prion ELISA Kit - Information

The ELISA Genie PRNP / CD230 / Prion ELISA Kit can assay for PRNP / CD230 / Prion in the following samples: serum, blood, plasma, cell culture supernatant and other related supernatants and tissues.

How our PRNP / CD230 / Prion ELISA Kits Work?

The ELISA Genie (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays) assay kits are designed for the quantitative measurement of analytes in a wide variety of samples. As today's scientists demand high quality consistent data for high impact journals, ELISA Genie have developed our range of sensitive, fast and reliable ELISA kit assays to meet and exceed those demands. Our assay kits use a quantitative sandwich ELISA technique and each kit comes with highly specific antibodies pre-coated onto a 96-well microtiter plate.

At ELISA Genie we understand the need for speed! Therefore, we have developed an ultra-fast protocol meaning you achieve your results rapidly. So, once you have prepared and plated your samples, blanks and standards, you simply incubate with a highly specific biotin-conjugated primary antibody and Avidin conjugated to Horseradish Peroxidase (HRP) and incubate for the appropriate length of time. After washing the plate according to the protocol and addition of the TMB (3,3',5,5'-Tetramethylbenzidine) solution, the appearance of a blue colour should be detected due to an enzymatic reaction catalysed by HRP. Next step is the addition of the Stop Solution which terminates the HRP reaction and the blue colour turns yellow with the signal intensity measured on a plate reader at 450nm. The amount of bound PRNP / CD230 / Prion is proportional to the signal generated by the reaction meaning the kit assay gives you a quantitative measurement of the analyte in your samples.

Human PRNP / CD230 / Prion ELISA Kit - Data

Description

Its primary physiological function is unclear. May play a role in neuronal development and synaptic plasticity. May be required for neuronal myelin sheath maintenance. May promote myelin homeostasis through acting as a agonist for ADGRG6 receptor. May play a role in iron uptake and iron homeostasis. Soluble oligomers are toxic to cultured neuroblastoma cells and induce apoptosis (in vitro). Association with GPC1 (via its heparan sulfate chains) targets PRNP to lipid rafts. Also provides Cu2+ or ZN2+ for the ascorbate-mediated GPC1 deaminase degradation of its heparan sulfate side chains.

Post-Translational Modification

The glycosylation pattern (the amount of mono-, di- and non-glycosylated forms or glycoforms) seems to differ in normal and CJD prion. Isoform 2 is sumoylated with SUMO1.

Uniprot ID P04156
Alias

PRNP/PrP33-35C/ASCR/PrP27-30/CJD/GSS/PrP/ASCR/KURU/PRIP/PrPc/CD230/AltPrP/p27-30/PrP33-35C

Detection method

Sandwich ELISA Double Antibody

Application

This immunoassay kit allows for the in vitro quantitative determination of PRNP concentrations in serum plasma and other biological fluids.

Size

96T

Range

0.312-20ng/ml

Sensitivity

< 0.188ng/ml

Storage

4'C for 6 months

Recovery

Matrices listed below were spiked with certain level of PRNP and the recovery rates were calculated by comparing the measured value to the expected amount of PRNP in samples.

Matrix Recovery range(%) Average(%)
serum(n=5) 87-104 94
EDTA plasma(n=5) 90-103 94
UFH plasma(n=5) 85-101 91
Linearity

The linearity of the kit was assayed by testing samples spiked with appropriate concentration of PRNP and their serial dilutions. The results were demonstrated by the percentage of calculated concentration to the expected.

Sample 1:2 1:4 1:8 1:16
serum(n=5) 86-98% 86-102% 87-102% 85-104%
EDTA plasma(n=5) 84-97% 83-98% 87-97% 84-100%
UFH plasma(n=5) 91-99% 80-99% 81-96% 81-97%
CV(%)

Intra-Assay: CV<8%
Inter-Assay: CV<10%

Note

For Research Use Only

Human PRNP / CD230 / Prion ELISA Kit Protocol

The below protocol is a sample protocol for Human PRNP / CD230 / Prion ELISA Kit using a biotinylated detection antibody and streptavidin-HRP. Sandwich ELISAs allow for the detection and quantification of an analyte in a sample by using known analyte concentrations as standards and plotting absorbance of known concentrations vs known standard concentrations. This allows the researcher to calculate the amount of Human PRNP / CD230 / Prion present in their sample.

Before adding to wells, equilibrate the SABC working solution and TMB substrate for at least 30 min at 37 °C. When diluting samples and reagents, they must be mixed completely and evenly. It is recommended to plot a standard curve for each test.

Sandwich Protocol

Sandwich ELISA Protocol

Kit Protocol:

1.Set standard, test sample and control (zero) wells on the pre-coated plate respectively, and then, record their positions. It is recommended to measure each standard and sample in duplicate. Wash plate 2 times before adding standard, sample and control (zero) wells!
2.Aliquot 0.1ml standard solutions into the standard wells.
3.Add 0.1 ml of Sample / Standard dilution buffer into the control (zero) well.
4.Add 0.1 ml of properly diluted sample ( Human serum, plasma, tissue homogenates and other biological fluids.) into test sample wells.
5.Seal the plate with a cover and incubate at 37 °C for 90 min.
6.Remove the cover and discard the plate content, clap the plate on the absorbent filter papers or other absorbent material. Do NOT let the wells completely dry at any time. Wash plate X2.
7.Add 0.1 ml of Biotin- detection antibody working solution into the above wells (standard, test sample & zero wells). Add the solution at the bottom of each well without touching the side wall.
8.Seal the plate with a cover and incubate at 37°C for 60 min.
9.Remove the cover, and wash plate 3 times with Wash buffer. Let wash buffer rest in wells for 1 min between each wash.
10.Add 0.1 ml of SABC working solution into each well, cover the plate and incubate at 37°C for 30 min.
11.Remove the cover and wash plate 5 times with Wash buffer, and each time let the wash buffer stay in the wells for 1-2 min.
12.Add 90 µl of TMB substrate into each well, cover the plate and incubate at 37°C in dark within 10-20 min. (Note: This incubation time is for reference use only, the optimal time should be determined by end user.) And the shades of blue can be seen in the first 3-4 wells (with most concentrated standard solutions), the other wells show no obvious color.
13.Add 50 µl of Stop solution into each well and mix thoroughly. The color changes into yellow immediately.
14. Read the O.D. absorbance at 450 nm in a microplate reader immediately after adding the stop solution.

Human PRNP / CD230 / Prion ELISA Kit components

96 Assays

Storage

ELISA Microplate(Dismountable)8×12 strips4°C for 6 months
Lyophilized Standard24°C/-20°C
Sample/Standard Dilution Buffer20ml4°C
Biotin-labeled Antibody(Concentrated)120ul4°C (Protect from light)
Antibody Dilution Buffer10ml4°C
HRP-Streptavidin Conjugate(SABC)120ul4°C (Protect from light)
SABC Dilution Buffer10ml4°C
TMB Substrate10ml4°C (Protect from light)
Stop Solution10ml4°C
Wash Buffer(25X)30ml4°C
Plate Sealer5 -

Other materials and equipment required:

The ELISA Genie Human PRNP / CD230 / Prion ELISA Kit will require other equipment and materials to carry out the assay. Please see list below for further details.
  • Microplate reader with 450 nm wavelength filter
  • Multichannel Pipette, Pipette, microcentrifuge tubes and disposable pipette tips
  • Incubator
  • Deionized or distilled water
  • Absorbent paper
  • Buffer resevoir

Sample Preparation

When carrying out an ELISA assay it is important to prepare your samples in order to achieve the best possible results. Below we have a list of procedures for the preparation of samples for different sample types.

Sample TypeProtocol

Serum

If using serum separator tubes, allow samples to clot for 30 minutes at room temperature. Centrifuge for 10 minutes at 1,000x g. Collect the serum fraction and assay promptly or aliquot and store the samples at -80°C. Avoid multiple freeze-thaw cycles.

If serum separator tubes are not being used, allow samples to clot overnight at 2-8°C. Centrifuge for 10 minutes at 1,000x g. Remove serum and assay promptly or aliquot and store the samples at -80°C. Avoid multiple freeze-thaw cycles.

Plasma

Collect plasma using EDTA or heparin as an anticoagulant. Centrifuge samples at 4°C for 15 mins at 1000 × g within 30 mins of collection. Collect the plasma fraction and assay promptly or aliquot and store the samples at -80°C. Avoid multiple freeze-thaw cycles. Note: Over haemolysed samples are not suitable for use with this kit.

Urine & Cerebrospinal Fluid

Collect the urine (mid-stream) in a sterile container, centrifuge for 20 mins at 2000-3000 rpm. Remove supernatant and assay immediately. If any precipitation is detected, repeat the centrifugation step. A similar protocol can be used for cerebrospinal fluid.

Cell culture supernatant

Collect the cell culture media by pipette, followed by centrifugation at 4°C for 20 mins at 1500 rpm. Collect the clear supernatant and assay immediately.

Cell lysates

Solubilize cells in lysis buffer and allow to sit on ice for 30 minutes. Centrifuge tubes at 14,000 x g for 5 minutes to remove insoluble material. Aliquot the supernatant into a new tube and discard the remaining whole cell extract. Quantify total protein concentration using a total protein assay. Assay immediately or aliquot and store at ≤ -20 °C.

Tissue homogenates

The preparation of tissue homogenates will vary depending upon tissue type. Rinse tissue with 1X PBS to remove excess blood & homogenize in 20ml of 1X PBS (including protease inhibitors) and store overnight at ≤ -20°C. Two freeze-thaw cycles are required to break the cell membranes. To further disrupt the cell membranes you can sonicate the samples. Centrifuge homogenates for 5 mins at 5000xg. Remove the supernatant and assay immediately or aliquot and store at -20°C or -80°C.

Tissue lysates

Rinse tissue with PBS, cut into 1-2 mm pieces, and homogenize with a tissue homogenizer in PBS. Add an equal volume of RIPA buffer containing protease inhibitors and lyse tissues at room temperature for 30 minutes with gentle agitation. Centrifuge to remove debris. Quantify total protein concentration using a total protein assay. Assay immediately or aliquot and store at ≤ -20 °C.

Breast Milk

Collect milk samples and centrifuge at 10,000 x g for 60 min at 4°C. Aliquot the supernatant and assay. For long term use, store samples at -80°C. Minimize freeze/thaw cycles.

Human PRNP / CD230 / Prion ELISA Kit Protein Information

UniProt Protein Function:PRNP: May play a role in neuronal development and synaptic plasticity. May be required for neuronal myelin sheath maintenance. May play a role in iron uptake and iron homeostasis. Soluble oligomers are toxic to cultured neuroblastoma cells and induce apoptosis (in vitro). Association with GPC1 (via its heparan sulfate chains) targets PRNP to lipid rafts. Also provides Cu(2+) or ZN(2+) for the ascorbate-mediated GPC1 deaminase degradation of its heparan sulfate side chains. PrP is found in high quantity in the brain of humans and animals infected with neurodegenerative diseases known as transmissible spongiform encephalopathies or prion diseases, like: Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), fatal familial insomnia (FFI), Gerstmann-Straussler disease (GSD), Huntington disease-like type 1 (HDL1) and kuru in humans; scrapie in sheep and goat; bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) in cattle; transmissible mink encephalopathy (TME); chronic wasting disease (CWD) of mule deer and elk; feline spongiform encephalopathy (FSE) in cats and exotic ungulate encephalopathy (EUE) in nyala and greater kudu. The prion diseases illustrate three manifestations of CNS degeneration: (1) infectious (2) sporadic and (3) dominantly inherited forms. TME, CWD, BSE, FSE, EUE are all thought to occur after consumption of prion-infected foodstuffs. Defects in PRNP are the cause of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD). CJD occurs primarily as a sporadic disorder (1 per million), while 10-15% are familial. Accidental transmission of CJD to humans appears to be iatrogenic (contaminated human growth hormone (HGH), corneal transplantation, electroencephalographic electrode implantation, etc.). Epidemiologic studies have failed to implicate the ingestion of infected annimal meat in the pathogenesis of CJD in human. The triad of microscopic features that characterize the prion diseases consists of (1) spongiform degeneration of neurons, (2) severe astrocytic gliosis that often appears to be out of proportion to the degree of nerve cell loss, and (3) amyloid plaque formation. CJD is characterized by progressive dementia and myoclonic seizures, affecting adults in mid-life. Some patients present sleep disorders, abnormalities of high cortical function, cerebellar and corticospinal disturbances. The disease ends in death after a 3-12 months illness. Defects in PRNP are the cause of fatal familial insomnia (FFI). FFI is an autosomal dominant disorder and is characterized by neuronal degeneration limited to selected thalamic nuclei and progressive insomnia. Defects in PRNP are the cause of Gerstmann-Straussler disease (GSD). GSD is a heterogeneous disorder and was defined as a spinocerebellar ataxia with dementia and plaquelike deposits. GSD incidence is less than 2 per 100 million live births. Defects in PRNP are the cause of Huntington disease-like type 1 (HDL1). HDL1 is an autosomal dominant, early onset neurodegenerative disorder with prominent psychiatric features. Defects in PRNP are the cause of kuru (KURU). Kuru is transmitted during ritualistic cannibalism, among natives of the New Guinea highlands. Patients exhibit various movement disorders like cerebellar abnormalities, rigidity of the limbs, and clonus. Emotional lability is present, and dementia is conspicuously absent. Death usually occurs from 3 to 12 month after onset. Defects in PRNP are the cause of spongiform encephalopathy with neuropsychiatric features (SENF); an autosomal dominant presenile dementia with a rapidly progressive and protracted clinical course. The dementia was characterized clinically by frontotemporal features, including early personality changes. Some patients had memory loss, several showed aggressiveness, hyperorality and verbal stereotypy, others had parkinsonian symptoms. Belongs to the prion family. 2 isoforms of the human protein are produced by alternative initiation.
UniProt Protein Details:

Protein type:Microtubule-binding; Membrane protein, GPI anchor

Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 20p13

Cellular Component: Golgi apparatus; mitochondrial outer membrane; extrinsic to membrane; cell surface; endoplasmic reticulum; cytoplasm; plasma membrane; integral to membrane; nucleus; lipid raft

Molecular Function:tubulin binding; ATP-dependent protein binding; identical protein binding; protein binding; copper ion binding; chaperone binding; microtubule binding

Biological Process: axon guidance; cellular copper ion homeostasis; metabolic process; negative regulation of activated T cell proliferation; negative regulation of transcription factor activity; negative regulation of T cell receptor signaling pathway; negative regulation of interleukin-2 production; learning and/or memory; regulation of protein localization; negative regulation of interleukin-17 production; response to cadmium ion; negative regulation of protein amino acid phosphorylation; negative regulation of interferon-gamma production; response to oxidative stress; cell cycle arrest; protein homooligomerization; negative regulation of apoptosis

Disease: Gerstmann-straussler Disease; Huntington Disease-like 1; Kuru, Susceptibility To; Fatal Familial Insomnia; Spongiform Encephalopathy With Neuropsychiatric Features; Creutzfeldt-jakob Disease

NCBI Summary:The protein encoded by this gene is a membrane glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored glycoprotein that tends to aggregate into rod-like structures. The encoded protein contains a highly unstable region of five tandem octapeptide repeats. This gene is found on chromosome 20, approximately 20 kbp upstream of a gene which encodes a biochemically and structurally similar protein to the one encoded by this gene. Mutations in the repeat region as well as elsewhere in this gene have been associated with Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, fatal familial insomnia, Gerstmann-Straussler disease, Huntington disease-like 1, and kuru. An overlapping open reading frame has been found for this gene that encodes a smaller, structurally unrelated protein, AltPrp. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2014]
UniProt Code:P04156
NCBI GenInfo Identifier:130912
NCBI Gene ID:5621
NCBI Accession:P04156.1
UniProt Secondary Accession:P04156,O60489, P78446, Q15216, Q15221, Q27H91, Q5QPB4 Q8TBG0, Q96E70, Q9UP19,
UniProt Related Accession:P04156,F7VJQ1
Molecular Weight:253
NCBI Full Name:Major prion protein
NCBI Synonym Full Names:prion protein
NCBI Official Symbol:PRNP  
NCBI Official Synonym Symbols:CJD; GSS; PrP; ASCR; KURU; PRIP; PrPc; CD230; AltPrP; p27-30; PrP27-30; PrP33-35C  
NCBI Protein Information:alternative prion protein; major prion protein; CD230 antigen; prion-related protein
UniProt Protein Name:Major prion protein
UniProt Synonym Protein Names:ASCR; PrP27-30; PrP33-35C; CD_antigen: CD230
Protein Family:Major prion protein
UniProt Gene Name:PRNP  
UniProt Entry Name:PRIO_HUMAN
View AllClose

Additional Information

Reactivity:
Human
ELISA Type:
Sandwich
View AllClose